Carbon Capture Utilization
and Storage (CCUS)
Our sensor technologies can characterize geological Carbon Capture Utilization Storage (CCUS) processes and facilities in ultra-high resolution. It can also detect small casing leaks, and geological interbed gas flows, as well as monitor the structural integrity of critical equipment with extreme sensitivity and precision.
(CCUS) WHAT IS IT?
Geological Carbon Capture Utilization Storage (CCUS) is a process that involves capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial processes or power generation, then storing them deep underground in geological formations such as depleted oil and gas reservoirs, saline aquifers, or unminable coal seams.
Characterizing geological CCUS processes and facilities in ultra-high resolution means obtaining detailed and precise information about the geological formations where CO2 is being stored, as well as the injection and monitoring facilities used to manage the process. This level of resolution requires using advanced technologies such as seismic imaging, microseismic monitoring, and well logging to create highly detailed 3D models of the subsurface.
By characterizing geological CCUS processes and facilities in ultra-high resolution, scientists and engineers can better understand the behavior of CO2 within the subsurface formations, as well as the potential risks and benefits of CCUS. This information is critical for designing safe and effective CCUS projects, as well as for monitoring and verifying the long-term storage of CO2. Additionally, this level of detail can help optimize injection and monitoring strategies, improve operational efficiency, and reduce costs associated with CCUS.
The Carbon Capture Utilization Storage (CCUS) process can be broken down into several key steps:
1. Carbon Capture: This step involves capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial processes or power generation plants before they are released into the atmosphere. This can be achieved through several methods such as post-combustion capture, pre-combustion capture, or oxy-fuel combustion.
2. Compression: The captured CO2 is compressed to a high-pressure state for easier transport and storage.
3. Transport: The compressed CO2 is then transported via pipelines or other means to the storage site.
4. Injection: The CO2 is injected deep underground into geological formations such as depleted oil and gas reservoirs, saline aquifers, or unminable coal seams. The CO2 is stored in these formations, which act as natural geological traps.
5. Monitoring: The injection site is continuously monitored to ensure that the CO2 is being stored safely and securely. Monitoring can involve several techniques such as microseismic monitoring, pressure and temperature monitoring, and fluid sampling.
6. Verification: After injection, the stored CO2 is verified through monitoring and modeling to ensure that it remains safely stored and does not leak into the atmosphere or water sources.
7. Utilization: In some cases, the stored CO2 can be utilized for enhanced oil recovery or other industrial processes, thereby providing an additional economic benefit to the CCUS project.
Overall, the CCUS process aims to capture and store carbon dioxide emissions, preventing them from entering the atmosphere and contributing to climate change.